If depression is cancer
Although depression is very common, but also often ignored by people. Approximately 3/4 of British patients with depression have not been diagnosed, or have been diagnosed but have not been treated. Anti depression drugs are only available for 50% of patients, even if the patient is treated. Foley Tom, a professor at University of Newcastle, said it seems to be very strange, if the cancer also happens, this is simply a medical scandal.
Cancer patients have more than 3200 million, 800 patients died of cancer each year, indeed far more than the number of deaths in depression. Cancer, of course, is also very scary, but it has been widely recognized, the vast majority of cancer patients are aware of the search for active treatment.
Attention in the study of depression is far better than cancer, cancer research today is a booming field, has been found to number huge on cancer associated mutations established a variety of target genes to the treatment methods and advanced animal model. But on the study of depression, it is very thin. Some have the hope of treatment was in the clinical study of failure, no gains in genetics.
Is far less than cancer research funding for studies of depression. NIH2013 years in cancer research investment of $53 billion, in all mental illness only 2.2 billion US dollars, which in terms of depression only $415 million. The situation in Europe is not optimistic, the European Union in terms of mental illness in about 5430 million euros per year, of which 800 million for the study of depression. But cancer research funding reached 2.05. There is no objection to investing heavily in cancer research, but mental illness should also be taken seriously, otherwise it will lead to the high cost of medical care for these diseases.
Why depression has not been paid enough attention? Although many scholars anthropogenic inputs to accelerate the research progress, but technical problems need gradually solved, such as detecting and technical analysis of brain neural circuit has just been established. Some scientists hope that the brain research program can promote the rapid development of mental disease research. Foley said that large investment in the field of cancer, rapid progress, small investment in depression, progress can not be fast.
Investment in disease research, not only because of the overall needs of human beings, but also by the political, social, economic and patient will and other factors. Comparison of depression and cancer research can be analyzed from history, in 1971, the United States President Nixon launched a war of cancer, announced in the shortest time to reduce the incidence of cancer". Although the object of war is not achieved, but since then, a lot of funding for research in the field of cancer research, also won the many achievements, especially the causes of cancer and treatment drugs is indeed impressive. But never that country to launch such a scale of the challenge of depression. According to Staglin Garen, President of the World Mental Health Organization, the United States has invested about $10 a year in cancer, but less than $2 in mental health.
The main cause of this result is the lack of awareness of the severity of mental illness. University of California spirit geneticist Nelson Freimer said most people for depression is not a thing, just these people do not feel good, depression patients should stop being paranoid, should immediately clean up back on the job.
Cancer was once as a shame, people in the past do not want to speak directly to cancer, even only vaguely in C represent the disease. Now the situation has changed, with the improvement of the ability to treat, and many people launched operations to challenges in cancer. Cancer itself is relatively easy to be understood by ordinary people, the appearance of the tumor can be seen or detected, can also be removed. But the depression is completely different, the affected tissue in the brain, it is difficult to be seen, can not be removed. The psychiatrist needs more than 2 hours of time and patient interview, to distinguish between depression and major depressive disorder. The same patient can have two kinds of depression performance. Even worse, some people don't think this is a real disease because of the lack of clear evidence of the disease.
The definition and diagnosis of depression is also a very important issue. Last year, NIH psychiatric research institute director Thomas Insel promote researchers beyond classical psychiatric diagnoses method and established according to specific objective symptoms such as anxiety and social disorder diagnosis of depression and other mental illness as a standard. In order to promote the research on depression from the molecular level of in-depth study. Of course, this task is also very difficult.
Cancer genetics classification research has achieved some success, many countries have invested a lot of money for genome analysis of a variety of cancers, which to cancer research bring very important progress, and cancer associated mutations were found, some mutation has been used as a powerful tool for choosing treatment methods. Although the study is still in progress, but has brought to the forefront of personalized cancer treatment. The success of the cancer research has provided references to other areas, and some scientists hope to use a similar approach to help define depression or distinguish between different subtypes.
Depression research is not as prosperous as cancer research, the largest study is just over 16000 people with severe depression and 6 000 control population for full gene sequence analysis. Flint Jonathan, a psychiatrist at the University of Oxford, who has long been concerned about the genetics of depression, says many of his colleagues have asked him how he has been doing this nonsense.
Will all be diagnosed